The care in old age dog
Advances in nutrition and medicine have managed to increase the life expectancy of man and also that of his best friend, the dog. But, in the same way that the appearance of certain ailments takes place at the old age of the human being, the canine world is not exempt of diseases associated with old age.
External symptoms alert us to begin to monitor the evolution of our mascot, will be located at the foot gray and part surrounding the muzzle. Alarm will also serve a greater reluctance to exercise and general activity.
It is very important that we are pending the start of middle age dog going to the vet on a regular basis because of the observation, analysis and testing, can be extracted from hearing, vision or obese to ailments that can affect essential parts of your body, making an appearance renal failure, gastrointestinal disorders, heart disease or cancer.
Help him to live happily
There are several essential geriatric care that can help us to offer our animals well maintained in the final stretch of his life. It should be borne in mind first of all that, depending on weight, aging and longevity vary. In specimens of up to 10 kilos, i.e. small dogs, aging takes place from the eighth year of life, while the longevity may reach up to 13 years.
Medium-sized dogs, aged between 10 and 25 kilos, can live up to 12 years on average and are considered elderly from the 7, a year after the large dogs, specimens, whose weight is between 25 and 40 kilos, reaching longevity even the decade. Finally, giant dogs, in excess of 40 kilos, start your age between 5 to 6 years, while their life expectancy is around nine years.
Race is also a decisive factor in genetic longevity dogs. Generally, those belonging to a purebred enjoy a shorter life than the copies that have emerged from crosses.
Where you live also influences, as a dog that has grown up in a house, you will be better care and better fed than one street.
One of the key points that affect the quality of life after our dog reaches old age is planning visits to the vet. It is essential that we have the support and professional advice from an expert and he put us on notice of what steps we should take to the next stage of our best friend.
Today, we opt for the implementation of programs especially suited to help our dog to overcome his advanced age. These programs include holding, among other tests, blood tests, complete physical exams and electrocardiograms. The end sought is to detect pregnancy as soon as possible of a potential health problem, to act accordingly.
Cope with old age
The first advice given from veterinary consultation is patience. The vitality we met in our faithful companion is slowly fading. His jumps and races are becoming more scarce and lose potency. It is common permanence somewhere without moving. To make you more comfortable it will be necessary that we provide a resting place more soft, with a blanket or a quilted fabric. This aspect is more important than you think as a hard surface can turn into calluses and ulcers.
Senses such as sight and hearing are far less efficient, so our dog sometimes appear disorientated before our call, taking longer to react. Therefore, we should not think that we do not obey, because it is not that. Pay special attention to this point in the daily walks, as they not only acknowledge the dog more exhaustion being the shortest walk, but when they let loose and call might not hear us. It is crucial that you keep watch when we go out to the street and never let him alone, in order to avoid losing.
The issue of mobility is intrinsically related to the feeding of the elderly individuals: the reduced activity, lower calorie needs. A dog will go next to senescence physically demanding less generous intake to remain at his ideal weight. We have to pay attention to the calories you eat as necessary. If not, we run the risk of having obesity by eating more of that essence, putting his weight by 20% more than usual.
It may also be the reverse, i.e., lose appetite and lose weight. In the one case as in the other, the diet that we take care to follow the veterinarian should be fully implemented in order to maintain the correct levels of minerals, proteins and vitamins. In the case of obesity, we supplement the regular exercise regimen.
Kidney failure and heart problems are evils which, if not properly treated, can be fatal. The kidney dysfunctions have serious consequences because the dog disabling body tasks that were once automatic, while the heart is accentuated with the passage of time getting the job of pumping blood to the heart, in an increasingly costly effort.
In addition, cancer can also affect our pet as tumors. It is recommended that periodically palpated ganglia Gill to see if they are swollen, in order to detect as early as possible a possible lymphatic cancer.